Bee venom makes us feel great respect and respect for bees. Anyone who approaches the hive is afraid of being stung. The venom serves to defend the bees, the queen bee and their food (honey, pollen and bee bread).
As a rule, honey bees never attack first, only in self-defense. This means that every time I approach the hive I have the courage to interact with them. It is important to remain calm, then the bees will not attack. These wise creatures only use their sting when they feel a real threat, unlike wasps which are "mischievous" by nature and like to bite for no reason.
Once you are bitten, it is important to quickly remove the stinger, which still releases bee venom. Such a single sting ends with several days of swelling and slight pain. However, there are people who are allergic to bee venom and for them a sting may result in anaphylactic shock, which can lead to death without immediate medical help. When starting your adventure with beekeeping, you should first check whether you are allergic to it.
Did you know that a bee sting is more painful in late summer than in spring? Bee venom is more intense at the beginning of autumn so that the bees can defend the food they have been producing throughout the season!
Formation of bee venom.
Bee venom, or apitoxin, is produced only by worker bees and the queen bee. It has strong biological effects thanks to its rich chemical composition. It contains enzymes, peptides, biogenic amines, sugars, lipids, free amino acids and bioelements .
The bee venom used in the creams is obtained from bees using electrostimulation. The bees are placed in "venom frames" and then stimulated with a light current of 12 V. But the bees do not die, they reflexively secrete drops of venom onto a special glass plate. This procedure is performed first thing in the morning, before the bees fly. Then the bee venom is scraped off, dried, sealed and sent for further processing.
While a bee can sting an insect several times, it can sting a human only once. It is true that after a bee stings a human or other mammal, it dies immediately because it is unable to remove the stinger from the skin. When stung and the sting remains in the body, up to 0.3 mg of venom may get into the wound.
The use of bee venom.
Apart from the traditional bee sting in the apiary, bee venom can also be introduced in the form of cosmeceuticals .
Cosmeceuticals are creams containing bee venom ranging from 10 to 150ug/g. It so happens that bee venom dissolves perfectly in glycerin and vegetable oils. Unlike propolis, which exhibits its biological properties in ethyl alcohol, it dissolves poorly in high-percentage solutions.
Due to the rich chemical composition of bee venom , apitherapy recommends using it for the treatment of rheumatic , degenerative and post-traumatic diseases of muscles and joints. Bee venom is not consumed orally because when combined with digestive enzymes, its health properties disappear.
1. Creams with bee venom.
Creams with the addition of bee venom have a fantastic effect on painful and overloaded joints . They are a brilliant option for athletes who train and struggle with injuries . This ointment has excellent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Thanks to their high biological activity, bee venom creams improve blood circulation in the upper layers of the skin . When applied to areas of poorly healing wounds, they accelerate the process of proper skin regeneration . Moreover, it is used in the treatment of frostbite of the lower and upper limbs .
2. Apitoxinotherapy - introduction of venom under the skin.
Apitoxinotherapy - bee venom therapy involving the intentional sting of a human under the care of experienced staff (apitherapist). It involves introducing an increasing dose of toxin. The number of stings increases every day . First day - one sting, second day - two stings and so on. This is an old method of introducing a toxin into the body. The disadvantage of this method is the inability to determine the exact dose. Nowadays, injecting previously prepared venom is more common. This method is more precise and at the same time safer for health.
List of health effects of Apitoxinotherapy:
- Diseases of the peripheral nervous system: rheumatoid arthritis, myositis, myalgia, bursitis, tendon sheath inflammation, tendon dislocation injuries.
- Diseases of the peripheral nervous system: discopathy, neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve, sciatic nerve, neuralgia of the lumbosacral plexus, polyneuritis.
- Rheumatic diseases - rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis.
- Cardiac muscle diseases – rheumatic myocarditis.
- Respiratory system diseases - bronchial asthma.
- Skin diseases - psoriasis, eczema, trophic skin disorders, difficult-to-heal wounds, postoperative scars, frostbite, atopic dermatitis.
- Oral diseases - inflammation of the oral mucosa and tongue, periodontitis.
- Allergic diseases - atopic bronchial asthma, urticaria, pollinosis.
- Blood vessel diseases - thrombophlebitis, arteritis, atherosclerosis of the lower limbs, Buerger's disease, hypertension.
- Women's diseases - inflammation of the uterine mucosa, parametrium, adnexa, ovarian cysts.
- Urinary system diseases - inflammation of the urinary bladder.
Prepared on the basis of: "Apikosmetyka" B. Kędzia, E. Hołderna-Kędzia | wikipedia |www.zdrowiebezlekow.pl